Isn't there a point where misrepresentation or over-selling turns into false advertising? And do we still consider false advertising to be criminal?
The restaurants along the tourist row in Juan-les-Pins list 3 or 4 -course menus for a set price, and they list several options for each course, but then when you actually sit down to dine, there will be a parenthetical "E2 s." or "E2 sup." written next to some of the listed choices, meaning a supplemental additional charge for, let's say, the foie gras listed in the starters or the steak listed in the mains or the tarte listed in the desserts, so that the price displayed prominently for the menu doesn't actually apply to many of the choices listed on the menu -- you selected the restaurant in part because of the menu on display, and that menu misrepresents the actual charges. Once I even got a plate with two wedges of foie gras on it instead of the customary three, and I pointed it out to the server, and he replied that this is what is done for the special menu, knowing that I was already being charged a supplement for not picking the salad. Hence the more general advice to avoid the tourist row restaurants.
American commercial radio stations regularly play ads that have fast-talking fine print at the end -- "We're selling luxury cars at subcompact prices!" says the ad, but at the end someone mutters "Two at this price" or "not all buyers will qualify" -- meaning, in effect that the claim that the ad hinges upon is a false claim. So we have become accustomed to being lied to by our commercial media, and we hold everyone to this lower standard : hyperbole labels allow those yelling it to get away with anything.
I stepped into a cafe in the Eixample that had a chalkboard outside listing a lot of tasty dishes, great window display, too, and a 2-course light lunch price. I scan the counter for my favorites, and when I get to the cashier she tells me that the price for that menu only applies to a plastic container of yogurt and a pre-made sandwich on white bread. Why does the sign say 'your choice'? I ask. Because you can pick which flavor of yogurt and either the chicken salad sandwich or the ham sandwich.
Is that just me being naive, or unable to read the board?
Or is that a business trying to lure people inside and then upsell them?
And is that a scam or what?