A few years ago, a friend of mine had an experience with petty crime in Dublin. She and her husband drove to a park, where they planned to hike. They were doing a house exchange, so the car was locally owned, not a rental. Her likely mistake was to open the trunk and place her purse in it in full public view.
Someone was watching. When they returned to the car, the trunk had been forced; and her purse, with her passport was gone. They were to leave for home the next day.
When they reported the event to the police, they were told that such happenings were so common that the police and the U.S. embassy had devised a standard procedure for handling them. The police gave her documents which allowed her to board her plane the next day. Using those same papers, she had no problem re-entering the U.S.
The final chapter of the story was that a few months later, a package arrived with her purse and all its contents, except the cash. Apparently, it had been tossed into a garbage can, where a good samaritan saw it. She found the address of the Dublin exchange house in the purse, and took it to the the owner, who, in turn, sent it on to my friend.