Just a few thoughts. Coming from Alaska you are going to have about a 30 hour trans continental/Transatlantic flights. Its going to take you two days minimum to start to get over jet lag. I would respectfully suggest that you do Meteora at the end of the trip after you recover.
You should be able to take a late flight to Crete. Your choices are Chania and Heraklion. Heraklion is the capital and is very busy hot and has chaotic traffic.
Thus I would suggest you choose Chania. Its old town area is arguably the most beautiful town in Greece. We generally spend our first 4 days in Chania getting over flight from West coast jet lag. If the weather co operates you could take the day excursion to Balos and Gramovossa, two beaches and a pirate fortress. Ancient Aptera is just 18 km east of Chania and a day trip to Rethymnon to visit its old town and the Fortezza all make good day trips. Any chance you can add a couple of days to West Crete?
Western Crete https://www.flickr.com/photos/stanbr54/albums/72157632115757899
Gramavossa, Balos and Elafonissi https://www.flickr.com/photos/stanbr54/albums/72157698932695812
If this trip is focused on ancient sites then perhaps Rethymnon or Heraklion might be a bit better situated. Central and South Crete have amazing ancient sites both Minoen ( Knossos, Phastos and Roman at Gortyz)
Gortyz Archaeological site. https://www.flickr.com/photos/stanbr54/albums/72157666456665788
Gortyz, Knossos and Phastos ancient sites. Gortyz Archeological site. https://www.flickr.com/photos/stanbr54/albums/72157666456665788
Now fly back to Athens. You can rent a car from the airport and drive direct to Meteora which is by far the most convenient way to go. Its pretty much all on 4 lane highways and traffic wasn't bad last time we were there. You can also consider hiring a private transfer service such as City cab. We have used them several times and they are reliable with English speaking drivers. A bus tour from Athens will also work.
The village where we stayed was called Kastraki it is nestled at the foot of the Meteora mountains. We could see three Monasteries from our hotel room balcony. One of the big advantages of Kastraki is it is closer to the Monasteries than Kalambaka so you can beat the tour bus crowds up into the mountains.
Delphi and Meteora https://www.flickr.com/photos/stanbr54/albums/72157698930270992
Remember to keep Athens for the end of your trip so you are on the mainland at least the day before your return flight.
I hope this works out for you. We were scheduled to be in Crete a couple of weeks ago all cancelled.