Yesterday it was announced that UK and EU has agreed on a deal for their future relations. The deal has been ratified by the UK and temporarily ratified by the EU.
For non-Europeans, many of the details are not interesting, but there are few things you probably should be aware of if you are in the process of planning a trip:
- GB will leave the customs union and single market, so no more blue lanes at UK airports. And limits on how much goods you can bring between GB and EU. Should not have a huge impact though.
- There will be some kind of customs checks on Eurostar. For more information, see their Brexit FAQ.
- Northern Ireland will stay in the single market so Irish border will remain open, but there will be some kind of checks between Northern Ireland and Great Britain.
- EU rules on no-cost roaming will not apply to the UK. So UK phone companies can introduce roaming charges for EU countries and v.v. If they will do so is a good question, but if you have a European phone number I can be a good idea to check what your operator says about charges.
- European passenger rights legislation will no longer apply to the UK (the so called EU261 rules for air passenger rights and equivalent rules for other modes of transport). If I'm not mistaken UK has made them part of UK law, but we will see if they are changed. And how the UK supreme court interpret them.
- UK will leave the European Common Aviation Area, so UK airlines will no longer be allowed to carry passengers within the area.
- It seems likely that Gibraltar will join Schengen, so don't count on Gibraltar for time outside the Schengen area.
- Great Britain is now a third country when it comes to food standards so when it comes to bringing food from GB to EU, the rules are the same as other non-EU countries. You may not bring any meat, egg, or dairy products from GB and many plants and fruit and vegetables are banned as well. (I.e. if you buy a cheese sandwich in London before boarding the Eurostar, you need to eat it on the train because you are not allowed to bring it to Paris.)
- In the other direction you are still allowed to bring both meat, dairy, and fruit from the EU to GB. Although it has been announced that the rules for plants and plant products will change with checks to be introduced.
These are the impacts it could have for non-Europeans that I have found, but I have only read summaries of the deal so far and there might be other things. In addition there are many things that might change, such as currency fluctuations and staff shortages in certain areas having impacts on different things. But here I've tried to focus on how the rules will change, to help you avoid getting in trouble.
And if you want to debate whether Brexit is a good idea or not, please do it somewhere else. This post is only intended to inform people about what effect it will have.
2021-01-01: Updated information on the SM/CU, Gibraltar and the ratification. 2021-01-10: Added information crossing on bringing food across the border.